- Women and Work
- Black Women
- Class and Gender
- Domestic Labour
- Ethnic Minority Women
- Family Allowance
- Feminist Arguments For Work Centrality
- Feminist Critiques of Work Centrality
- History of Women and Work
- Liberal Feminism
- Materialist Feminism
- Migrant Workers
- Origin of the Family (Engels)
- Radical Feminism
- Social Reproduction
- Third World Women
- Woman and Socialism (Bebel)
References for Theme: Women and Work
- Aassve, Arnstein; Fuochi, Giulia; Mencarini, Letizia
"Desperate Housework: Relative Resources, Time Availability, Economic Dependency, and Gender Ideology Across Europe"
- Abrams, Lynn
"“There Is Many a Thing That Can Be Done with Money”: Women, Barter, and Autonomy in a Scottish Fishing Community in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries"
- Amodio, Suzanne M
- Barker, Drucilla K
- Bell, Diane
- Beloso, Brooke Meredith
"Sex, Work, and the Feminist Erasure of Class"
- Benston, Margaret
- Berg, Heather
"Porn Work, Feminist Critique, and the Market for Authenticity"
- Berk, Sarah Fenstermaker
The Gender Factory: The Apportionment of Work in American Households
"The imperatives posed by the production of gender relations mean that the division of household labor not only is concerned with the rational sorting and optimal matching of tasks and time household members, but is also centered on the symbolic affirmation of the members or their 'alignment' with each other as husband and wife, man and woman, brother and sister. Nevertheless, how much is gender, and how much is work is hardly the question. Instead, it is clear that, as gender and work are 'done,' already-existing patterns of both are ratified by household members." p. 206
- Bezanson, Kate; Luxton, Meg
Social Reproduction: Feminist Political Economy Challenges Neo-Liberalism
"Social reproduction, when valued by the market, is gendered, often racialized, and poorly remunerated. Where states no longer provided support and where purchasing services on the market was not feasible, the burden of providing additional care and work fell onto families, especially women. In Ontario under the Conservatives (1995-2003), this familializing and individualizing thrust was underlined by a rhetoric about family values and a nostalgic idealization of motherhood and community. As material supports for communities and families were cut, this family ideology blamed families--and mothers in particular--for failing to take responsibility for their members." p. 6
- Bhachu, Parminde; Westwood, Dr Sallie
- Bhattacharya, Tithi
- Blum, Linda M
Between Feminism and Labor: The Significance of the Comparable Worth Movement
"Any evaluation of comparable worth is inextricably linked to a perspective on the existing sex segregation of the labor market. At one extreme is the position that women's choices of employment are constrained only by their own values and preferences, which differ from those of men. In this view, women are willing if unwitting victims of societal norms, as they are socialized to accept a marginal role in the workplace. At the other extreme is the position that large numbers of women are ready, willing, and able to enter male-dominated jobs but are prevented from doing so by the resistance...
- Boris, Eileen
"When Work Is Slavery"
'At a time when organized feminism concentrated on the Equal Rights Amendment, welfare activists insisted on their right to the resources necessary to mother. They demanded, as a New Jersey activist put it, "help in the areas of emergency food, furniture, moving monies, or help with other normal problems confronting Welfare families, given their inadequate income and circumstances." She exclaimed: "We are not unfit mothers, but neither are we magicians; we do not get adequate monies or supportive services to begin with, in order to have a budget at all."' p. 37
- Boserup, Ester
- Bowman, John R; Cole, Alyson M
"Do Working Mothers Oppress Other Women? The Swedish “Maid Debate” and the Welfare State Politics of Gender Equality"
- Boyages, John; Kalfa, Senia; Xu, Ying; Koelmeyer, Louise; Mackie, Helen; Viveros, Hector; Taksa, Lucy; Gollan, Paul
- Boyages, John; Xu, Ying; Kalfa, Senia; Koelmeyer, Louise; Parkinson, Bonny; Mackie, Helen; Viveros, Hector; Gollan, Paul; Taksa, Lucy
- Boydston, Jeanne
- Brandth, Berit; Haugen, Marit S
- Brenner, J
- Carby, Hazel
- Carney, Judith; Watts, Michael
"Disciplining Women? Rice, Mechanization, and the Evolution of Mandinka Gender Relations in Senegambia"
- Chinchilla, Norma S
- Costa, Mariarosa Dalla
"Domestic Labour and the Feminist Movement in Italy since the 1970s"
“Today we have once more reached a significant moment for women's work and the rejection of it. On the one hand, there is a confirmation of the trend towards rejection of the unpaid labour of reproduction in favour of an increasingly extensive availability for the market in waged labour. At the same time, not only has there been no significant revival of the birth or marriage rate, but the increase in the female workforce between 1977 and 1982 was almost double that among men: a rise of 872,000 for women, compared with 469,000 for men.” p. 31
- Crago, Anna-Louise
"Bitches Killing the Nation: Analyzing the Violent State-Sponsored Repression of Sex Workers in Zambia, 2004–2008"
- Cruz-Torres, María L
- Dale, Angela; Holdsworth, Clare
- Dalla Costa, Mariarosa
- Dalla Costa, Mariarosa; Selma, James
- De Beauvoir, Simone
The Second Sex
(p.538) It is through work that woman has been able, to a large extent, to close the gap separating her from the male; work alone can guarantee her concrete freedom. The system based on her dependence collapses as soon as she ceases to be a parasite; there is no longer need for a masculine mediator between her and the universe. The curse on the woman vassal is that she is not allowed to do anything; so she stubbornly pursues the impossible quest for being through narcissism, love, or religion; when she is productive and active, she regains her transcendence; she affirms herself concretely as subject in her projects;...
- De Lattes, Zulma Recchini; Wainerman, Catalina H
- Del Re, Alisa
- Dowd, Michelle M
- Duncan, Simon; Edwards, Rosalind
- Edmond, Wendy; Fleming, Suzie
- Ehrenreich, Barbara; Hochschild, Arlie Russell
- Eisenstein, Zillah R
- Eistenstein, Zillah
- English, Deidre; Epstein, Barbara; Haber, Barbara; MacLean, Judy
- Fagan, Colette; Grimshaw, Damian; Rubery, Jill; Smith, Mark
- Fallon, Kathleen Mary
- Federici, S
- Federici, Silvia
Wages against Housework
Caliban and the Witch
"Precarious labor: A feminist viewpoint"
Revolution at Point Zero: Housework, Reproduction, and Feminist Struggle
"Marx, Feminism, and the Construction of the Commons"
- Ferber, M A
- Ferguson, Ann; Folbre, Nancy
- Ferree, Myra Marx
- Ferree, Myra Marx; Martin, Patricia Yancey
- Fleming, Suzie
- Fortunati, Polda
- Fraser, Nancy
"Feminism, Capitalism, and the Cunning of History"
"Contradictions of Capital and Care"
- Fraser, Nancy; Jaeggi, Rahel
- Freeman, Carla
High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy: Women, Work, and Pink-Collar Identities in the Caribbean
- Froines, Ann
- Gheaus, Anca
- Gilman, Charlotte Perkins
Women and Economics
(p.129) Maternal energy is the force through which have come into the world both love and industry. It is through the tireless activity of this desire, the mother’s wish to serve the young, that she began the first of the arts and crafts whereby we live. While the male savage was still a mere hunter and fighter, expressing masculine energy, the katabolic force, along its essential line, expanding, scattering, the female savage worked out in equally natural ways the conserving force of female energy. She gathered together and saved nutrition for the child, as the germ-cell gathers and saves nutrition in...
(p.82) All industry began at home. All industry was begun by women.Where the patient and laborious squaw once carried on her back the slaughtered game for her own family, now wind and steam and lightning distribute our provisions around the world. Where she once erected a rude shelter of boughs or hides for her own family, now mason and carpenter, steel and iron worker, joiner, lather, plasterer, glazier, plumber, locksmith, painter, and decorator combine to house the world. Where she chewed and scrape the hides, wove bark and grasses, made garments, made baskets, made pottery, made all that was made for...
Women and Economics: A Study of the Economic Relation Between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Evolution
The Home: Its Work and Influence
- Glenn, Evelyn Nakan; Chang, Grace; Forcey, Linda Rennie
(p.582) Proverbs 31:10-31 – King James Version 10 Who can find a virtuous wife? For her worth is far above rubies. 11 The heart of her husband safely trusts her; So he will have no lack of gain. 12 She does him good and not evil All the days of her life. 13 She seeks wool and flax, And willingly works with her hands. 14 She is like the merchant ships, She brings her food from afar. 15 She also rises while it is yet night, And provides food for her household, And a portion for her maidservants. 16 She considers a field and buys it; From [c]font-family:"Verdana",sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Helvetica;color:black;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">her...
- Gullickson, Gayl
- Gurtler, Sabine
- Hartmann, Heidi I
- Hartsock, Nancy C M
- Hayden, Dolores
"What Would a Non-Sexist City Be Like? Speculations on Housing, Urban Design, and Human Work"
- Hennessy, Rosemary; Ingraham, Chrys
- Higginbotham, Elizabeth; Romero, Mary
- Himmelweit, Susan
- Hirata, Helena
- Hochschild, Arlie Russell
- Holmstrom, Nancy
- Honey, Maureen
"The Working-Class Woman and Recruitment Propaganda during World War II: Class Differences in the Portrayal of War Work"
- Jacobs, Harriet Ann; Jacobs, John S
- James, Selma
- Jany-Catrice, Florence; Méda, Dominique
- Jenness, Valerie
- Joseph, Gloria
- Joshi, Heather
- Joshi, Heather; Paci, Pierella; Waldfogel, Jane
- Kamerman, Sheila B
- Keough, Willeen
- Kergoat, Danièle
- Kershaw, Paul
- Kessler-Harris, Alice
- Kollontaĭ, Aleksandra
- Kung, Lydia
- Lake, Marilyn
"Childbearers as Rights-bearers: Feminist Discourse on the Rights of Aboriginal and Non-aboriginal Mothers in Australia, 1920–50"
- Lee, Sang E
"Unpacking the Packing Plant: Nicaraguan Migrant Women’s Work in Costa Rica’s Evolving Export Agriculture Sector"
- Levine, Martin P; Leonard, Robin
- Lewis, Mary Daly, Jane; Daly, Mary; Lewis, Jane
- Loengard, Janet S
- Mazzarino, Andrea
- McCrate, Elaine
- Medard, Modesta
"Relations Between People, Relations about Things: Gendered Investment and the Case of the Lake Victoria Fishery, Tanzania"
- Mies, Maria
Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale
(p.47) It is thus necessary, with regard to the concept of productivity of labour, to reject its narrow definitionand to show that labour can only be productive in the sense of producing surplus value as long as it can tap,extract, exploit, and appropriate that labour which is spent in the production of life, or in subsistence productionwhich is non-wage labour mainly done by women. As this production of life is the perennial preconditionof all other historical forms of productive labour, including that under conditions of capital accumulation,it has to be defined as work and not as unconscious 'natural' activity. Human beings do not only live: they produce their...
- Mies, Maria; Bennholdt-Thomsen, Veronika
- Mill, John Stuart
- Miller, Jody; Carbone-Lopez, Kristin
"Gendered Carceral Regimes in Sri Lanka: Colonial Laws, Postcolonial Practices, and the Social Control of Sex Workers"
- Mitchell, Juliet
- Mohanty, Chandra Talpade
Feminism Without Borders
"Transnational Feminist Crossings: On Neoliberalism and Radical Critique"
- Mojab, Shahrzad
- Moodie, Megan
- Nolan, Melanie
- North-Samardzic, Andrea; Taksa, Lucy
- Phizacklea, Annie
"Minority Women and Economic Restructuring: The Case of Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany"
- Pullen, Alison; Knights, David
- Pullen, Alison; Simpson, Ruth
- Pullen, Alison; Taksa, Lucy
- Pullen, Alison; Vachhani, Sheena J
"Examining the politics of gendered difference in feminine leadership: The absence of ‘female masculinity’"
- Ramamurthy, Priti
"Why Are Men Doing Floral Sex Work? Gender, Cultural Reproduction, and the Feminization of Agriculture"
- Ribbens, Jane
- Shiva, Vandana; Mies, Maria
- Smith, Chris; Valsecchi, Raffaella; Mueller, Frank; Gabe, Jonathan
"Knowledge and the Discourse of Labour Process Transformation: Nurses and the Case of N.H.S. Direct for England"
- Standing, Guy
- Taksa, Lucy
- Taksa, Mark
- Vogel, Lise
"Their Own Work: Two Documents from the Nineteenth-Century Labor Movement"
Marxism and the Oppression of Women: Toward a Unitary Theory
Woman Questions: Essays for a Materialist Feminism
- Walby, Sylvia
- Walters, Kimberly
- Weeks, Kathi
"Life Within and Against Work: Affective Labor, Feminist Critique, and Post-Fordist Politics"
The Problem with Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics, and Postwork Imaginaries
- Xu, Y; Koelmeyer, L; Mackie, H; Viveros, H; Taksa, L; others
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