References for Theme: Feminist Critiques of Work Centrality
- Berk, Sarah Fenstermaker
The Gender Factory: The Apportionment of Work in American Households
"The imperatives posed by the production of gender relations mean that the division of household labor not only is concerned with the rational sorting and optimal matching of tasks and time household members, but is also centered on the symbolic affirmation of the members or their 'alignment' with each other as husband and wife, man and woman, brother and sister. Nevertheless, how much is gender, and how much is work is hardly the question. Instead, it is clear that, as gender and work are 'done,' already-existing patterns of both are ratified by household members." p. 206
- Bezanson, Kate; Luxton, Meg
Social Reproduction: Feminist Political Economy Challenges Neo-Liberalism
"Social reproduction, when valued by the market, is gendered, often racialized, and poorly remunerated. Where states no longer provided support and where purchasing services on the market was not feasible, the burden of providing additional care and work fell onto families, especially women. In Ontario under the Conservatives (1995-2003), this familializing and individualizing thrust was underlined by a rhetoric about family values and a nostalgic idealization of motherhood and community. As material supports for communities and families were cut, this family ideology blamed families--and mothers in particular--for failing to take responsibility for their members." p. 6
- Boydston, Jeanne
- Costa, Mariarosa Dalla
"Domestic Labour and the Feminist Movement in Italy since the 1970s"
“Today we have once more reached a significant moment for women's work and the rejection of it. On the one hand, there is a confirmation of the trend towards rejection of the unpaid labour of reproduction in favour of an increasingly extensive availability for the market in waged labour. At the same time, not only has there been no significant revival of the birth or marriage rate, but the increase in the female workforce between 1977 and 1982 was almost double that among men: a rise of 872,000 for women, compared with 469,000 for men.” p. 31
- Dalla Costa, Mariarosa; James, Selma
The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community
"Never as with the advent of capitalism has the destruction of woman as a person meant also the immediate diminution of her physical integrity. Feminine and masculine sexuality had already before capitalism undergone a series of regimes and forms of conditioning. But they had also undergone efficient methods of birth control, which have unaccountably disappeared. Capital established the family as the nuclear family and subordinated within it the woman to the man, as the person who, not directly participating in social produciton, does not present herself independently on the labor market. As it cuts off all her possibilities of creativity...
- Edmond, Wendy; Fleming, Suzie
- Ehrenreich, Barbara; English, Deirdre
- Elson, Diane
- English, Deidre; Epstein, Barbara; Haber, Barbara; MacLean, Judy
- Federici, Silvia
- Folbre, Nancy
- Fraser, Nancy
- Weeks, Kathi
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