"Automation and New Tasks: How Technology Displaces and Reinstates Labor"
by Acemoglu, Daron; Restrepo, Pascual (2019)
We present a framework for understanding the effects of automation and other types of technological changes on labor demand, and use it to interpret changes in US employment over the recent past. At the center of our framework is the allocation of tasks to capital and labor—the task content of production. Automation, which enables capital to replace labor in tasks it was previously engaged in, shifts the task content of production against labor because of a displacement effect. As a result, automation always reduces the labor share in
KeywordsArtificial Intelligence, Automation, Technology, Labor Demand, Worker Replacement
ThemesFuture of Work, Employment, Automation
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