For Work / Against Work
Debates on the centrality of work

Nietzsche: Volumes One and Two

by Heidegger, Martin (1991)


A landmark discussion between two great thinkers, vital to an understanding of twentieth-century philosophy and intellectual history.

Key Passage

With the distinction of hyle-morphe, which pertains to beings as such, a second concept is coupled which comes to guide all inquiry into art: art is techne. We have long known that the Greeks name art as well as handicraft with the same word, techne, and name correspondingly both the craftsman and the artist technites. In accordance with the later "technical" use of the word techne, where it  designates (in a way utterly foreign to the Greeks) a mode of production, we seek even in the original and genuine significance of the word such later content: we aver that techne means hand manufacture. But because what we call fine art is also designated by the Greeks as techne, we believe that this implies a  glorification of handicraft, or else that the exercise of art is degraded to the level of a  handicraft. However illuminating the common belief may be, it is not adequate to the actual state of affairs; that is to say, it does not penetrate to the basic position from which the Greeks define art and the work of art. But this will become clear when we examine the fundamental word techne. (p.80)


Heidegger, Nietzsche, Machination, Technology


The Nietzsche Lectures, Heidegger Citations

Links to Reference



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