For Work / Against Work
Debates on the centrality of work

References for Theme: Dewey Citations

  • Dewey, John
    • "Syllabus: Social Institutions and the Study of Morals" (1923)
      (p.232) “Social philosophy only carries further the process of reflective valuation which is found as an integral part of social phenomena, apart from general theorizing”
    • "Syllabus: Social Institutions and the Study of Morals" (1923)
      (p.253) (1) “the intrinsic reward of the occupation itself in contrast with mechanical and external expenditure of energy,” (2) the “separation of control, management, administration, from subordination,” and (3) “different degrees of recognition, esteem, honor, prestige, attaching to different types of occupation”
    • Ethics. The Later Works of John Dewey, 1925-1953, Volume 7 (1932)
      (p.356) “Economic limitations prevent many persons, probably the greater number, from effective access to the means of real cultivation of their capacities. They are taken up with the bare processes of making a living”
    • Ethics. The Later Works of John Dewey, 1925-1953, Volume 7 (1932)
      (p.381) “The most promising remedy for the mechanizing influence of the machine, and for its displacement of the old-time skill of the craftsman and pride in the workmanlike or artistic value of the product, is to be found in education” 
    • Ethics. The Later Works of John Dewey, 1925-1953, Volume 7 (1932)
      (p.386) “Shall shop-rules, and other necessary regulation be determined absolutely by employer, or should there be citizenship in industry as well as in government?” 
    • The Ethics of Democracy. In The Early Works of John Dewey, 1882–1898, volume 1 (1969)
      (p.246) “democracy is not in reality what it is in name until it is industrial as well as civil and political”
    • Ethics. The Middle Works of John Dewey, 1899–1924, Volume 5 (1978)
      (p.435) “Both the economic process and property have three distinct ethical aspects corresponding respectively to the ethical standpoint of happiness, character, and social justice”
    • Ethics. The Middle Works of John Dewey, 1899–1924, Volume 5 (1978)
      (p.446) “The stronger has contempt for the weaker and refuses to ‘recognize’ his existence. The weaker, rendered desperate by the hopelessness of his case when he contends under rules and with weapons prescribed by the stronger, refuses to abide by the rules and resorts to violence--only to find that by this he has set himself in opposition to all the forces of organized society."
    • Democracy and Education. The Middle Works of John Dewey, 1899-1924, Volume 9 (1980)
      (p.269) “in what is termed politics, democratic social organization makes provision for . . . direct participation in control; in the economic region, control remains external and autocratic”
    • "The Economic Basis of the New Society" (1988)
      (p.314) “the need of securing greater industrial autonomy, that is to say, greater ability on the part of the workers in any particular trade or occupation to control that industry, instead of working under these conditions of external control where they have no interest, no insight into what they are doing, and no social outlook upon the consequences and meaning of what they are doing” 
    • "The Economic Basis of the New Society" (1988)
      (p.318) “The problem of establishing social conditions which will make it possible for all who are capable to do socially productive work is not an easy one. . . . To face it would involve the problem of remaking a profit system into a system conducted not just, as is sometimes said, in the interest of consumption, important as that is, but also in the interest of positive and enduring opportunity or productive and creative activity and all that that signifies for the development of the potentialities of human nature.” 
    • "The Economic Basis of the New Society" (1988)
      (p.319) "The problem of the adjustment of individual capacities and their development to actual occupations is not a one-sided or unilateral one. It is bilateral and reciprocal. It is a matter of the state of existing occupations, of the whole set-up of productive work;—of the structure of the industrial system"
    • Democracy and Education (2008)
      A calling is also of necessity an organizing principle for information and ideas; for knowledge and intellectualgrowth. It provides an axis which runs through an immense diversity of detail; it causes different experiences,facts, items of information to fall into order with one another. The lawyer, the physician, the laboratory investigator in some branch of chemistry, the parent, the citizen interested in his own locality, has a constant working stimulus to note and relate whatever has to do with his concern. He unconsciously, from the motivation of his occupation, reaches out for all relevant information, and holds to it. The vocation acts as both magnet toattract and as glue to...
    • Interest and Effort in Education (2008)
      (p.189) There seems to be no better name for the acts of using intermediate means, or appliances, to reach ends than work. When employed in this way, however, work must be distinguished from labor and from toil and drudgery. Labor means a form of work in which the direct result accomplished is of value only as a means of exchange for something else. It is an economic term, being applied to that form of work where the product is paid for, and the money paid is used for objects of more direct values. Toil implies unusual arduousness in a task, involving fatigue. Drudgery is an activity which in itself is quite...
    • Psychology and Work (2008)
      (p.239) that is the deepest urge of every human being, to feel that he does count for something with other human beings and receives a recognition from them as counting for something
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