For Work / Against Work
Debates on the centrality of work

References for Theme: Skills

  • Coeckelbergh, Mark
    • "E-care as craftsmanship: virtuous work, skilled engagement, and information technology in health care" (2013)
      (p.808) However, influenced by Sennet’s notion of craftsmanship, Dewey’s emphasis on know-how, and Dreyfus’s view of ethical expertise, we can make a much closer connection between techne and phronesis—and between poiesis and praxis— than Aristotle. I propose that we define the mastery and ‘‘technical’’ expertise that is needed in craftsmanship not as mere means to an end, but as being directly constitutive of the good praxis aims at. In a specific practice, developing and applying ‘‘technical’’ expertise as a highly skilledcraftsman is not entirely different from making wise judgments and doing good. On the contrary, in craftsmanship understood as professional excellence and as good practice, means and end merge: good craftsmanship requires...
    • "E-care as craftsmanship: virtuous work, skilled engagement, and information technology in health care" (2013)
      (p.809) Good work also means knowing how to deal with things and knowing how to care for them. Dreyfus and Kelly argue that by engaging in skilled activities, we can learn to care for things rather than treating them as ‘a mere resource’ (Dreyfus and Kelly 2011, p. 217)—something Heidegger warned for in his later work (see for example Heidegger 1977). Again the craftsman’s understanding is a tacit, intuitive one, based on practical experience. The authors write about the craftsman who sees how the wood ‘will respond to an axe’ (Dreyfus and Kelly 2011, p. 208). They say that the wheelwright...
    • "E-care as craftsmanship: virtuous work, skilled engagement, and information technology in health care" (2013)
  • Sandberg, Jörgen
    • "Understanding of Work: The Basis for Competence Development" (2009)
      (p.13) Although we develop our understanding through interpretation, Heidegger claims that ‘in interpretation, understanding does not become something different. It becomes itself’. Moreover, interpretation is not ‘the acquiring of information about what is understood; it is rather the working out of possibilities projected in understanding’. Hence, according to Heidegger,, interpretation is not something separate from understanding but, rather, a particular mode of understanding, which clarifies what we already have understood in advance: ‘Interpretation always only takes care of bringing out what is disclosed as a cultivation of the possibilities inherent in an understanding’. This means that when the optimisers interpret their...
    • "Understanding of Work: The Basis for Competence Development" (2009)
      (p.18) Based on findings from interpretative approaches, it was argued that understanding of work, rather than attributes, constitutes competence at work. Drawing on these interpretative findings, it was suggested that understanding of work is not only the basis for competence at work but also for the development of that competence. In an introductory analysis of how understanding constitutes the development of competence, it was shown that understanding of work not only stipulates the competence that is developed at work but also the specific ways in which it is developed. Finally, by drawing on Heidegger’s phenomenological investigation of being, it was argued...
    • "Understanding of Work: The Basis for Competence Development" (2009)
  • Schaff, Kory
  • Vu, Mai Chi; Wolfgramm, Rachel; Spiller, Chellie
  • Zoller, D
    • "Skilled Perception, Authenticity, and the Case Against Automation" (2017)
      (p.7) Crowell offers a way to defend the goodness of a limited, skilled perceptual life in terms of Korsgaard’s concept of “practical identities”: this is to say that, while I am of course a human being in general, I consider and value myself more specifically as a parent, as a professor, etc.; my particular roles permit me to value and understand my life and agency. On Crowell’s model, what it means to “be” some practical identity—say, a parent—is precisely having and following out the skilled, trained perceptions particular to parenting. Like Sennett and Crawford, Crowell considers that in much daily activity,...
    • "Skilled Perception, Authenticity, and the Case Against Automation" (2017)
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