For Work / Against Work
Debates on the centrality of work

"Sharing household tasks in the United States and Sweden: A reassessment of Kohn's theory"

by Aytac, Isik (1990)


Using Kohn's resocialization theory in a marital power framework, this research explores two factors that might change the traditional division of labor at home: a wife's decision?making at work and her income. Using ordinary least squares regression analysis, the research reveals that when wives have decision?making responsibility at work, their husband share more of the domestic chores. These results, although based on cross?sectional data, show that the conventional division of labor at home can change as wives gain more power in the workplace.

Key Passage

The extent to which husbands share family work has been an important issue in sociological gender research, especially with larger numbers of women entering the labor force. Previous research has used various theoretical perspectives (e.g., role differentiation, exchange theory, sex-role ideology theory, resource theory, exploitation theory, and time availability theory) to explain husbands' absolute or relative share of the family or household work. Although these different approaches have added to our understanding of how domestic labor is shared, the majority of them share a common weakness: the inadequate treatment of women's labor-force participation.  (p.357)


Kohn, Resocialization, Intellectual Flexibility, Reciprocity, Personality, Identity, Self, Distress, Psychology, Work Complexity


Kohn-Schooler, Psychological Centrality of Work

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