Heidegger's Confrontation with Modernity: Technology, Politics, and Art
by Zimmerman, Michael E (1990)
The relation between Martin Heidegger's understanding of technology and his affiliation with and conception of National Socialism is the leading idea of this fascinating and revealing book. Zimmerman shows that the key to the relation between Heidegger's philosophy and his politics was his concern with the nature of working and production.
As elitists, Heidegger and junger believed that the technological era could be carried to its completion only by an elite corps of humanity who scorned the cheerful optimism of mass culture. junger's "worker" was by no means equivalent to Marx's "proletariat"! Heidegger and junger looked to Nietzsche for insight into the remarkable men, the "overmen," needed to complete the process of nihilism. junger had spoken of his interpretation of such men in his collection of essays The Adventurous Heart.[AH] These men were willing to use violence in order to pursue the uncharted paths being opened up by modern technology. Regarding hisattitudetowardjunger'stechnologicalOverman,Heideg-get'sattitudewasambivalent.On the one hand, the Overman as technological "adventurer" and destroyer was a manifestation of the nihilism resulting from the total self-concealment of being. On the other hand, the Overmanas the one who went "over and beyond" existing humanity could be, paradoxically, a harbinger of the new, post-nihilistic world heralded by Holderlin, (p.88)
KeywordsHeidegger, Technology, National Socialism, Junger, Production, Germany, Nazi
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