Heidegger's Confrontation with Modernity: Technology, Politics, and Art
by Zimmerman, Michael E (1990)
The relation between Martin Heidegger's understanding of technology and his affiliation with and conception of National Socialism is the leading idea of this fascinating and revealing book. Zimmerman shows that the key to the relation between Heidegger's philosophy and his politics was his concern with the nature of working and production.
As we have seen, in the first phase of hisconfrontationwithjunger,Heideggerappropriatedjunger'slanguage in order to support a revolutionary movement which heralded an alternative to the technological future forecast by Junger. After the Rohm purge onJune30,1934,Heideggerbeganthe long process of distancing himself from the"politicalreality"ofNationalSocialism,butcon-tinuedtomeditateon its"innertruthandgreatness."Thismeditation,whichinvolvedatumtowardart, was carried out in his lectures on Nietzsche and on Holderlin. Nietzsche's views on the world-shaping powers of art offered a way of understanding the metaphysical basis for junger's doctrine of the Gestalt of the worker, while Holderlin's poetry seemed to offer a saving alternative to junger's technological future. In this chapter, we begin to study Heidegger's artistic "tum" in connection with his confrontation with junger's "aesthetic" view o f modem technology. Here, aiming to dislose how junger's writings influenced Heidegger's mature concept of technology, we shall movethroughthe1930sand1940sintoHeidegger's post war writings on technology. In chapters seven and eight, we shall movebackto1934-35 to consider in more detail how Heidegger's reflections on Nietzsche and Holderlin led to new insights about the relationship between art and techne.I divide the analysis in this way to facilitate exposition of material which is in fact highly interrelated and tangled. The reader should keep in mind that in his search for a new, non-technological world, Heidegger was constantly playing off junger's views on art and technology against those of Nietzsche and Holderlin. (p.77)
KeywordsHeidegger, Technology, National Socialism, Junger, Production, Germany, Nazi
ThemesTechnology, On Heidegger
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