For Work / Against Work
Debates on the centrality of work

Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts

by Marx, Karl (1844)

Key Passage

For labor, life activity, productive life itself, appears to man in the first place merely as a means of satisfying a need – the need to maintain physical existence. Yet the productive life is the life of the species. It islife-engendering life. The whole character of a species, its species-character, is contained in the character of its life activity; and free, conscious activity is man’s species- character. Life itself appears only as a means to life (p.31)


No Keywords


Marx on Alienation



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